Gold standard treatment for skin cancer available in Newport Beach
Living in the Golden State undoubtedly has its advantages. Exposure to plentiful sunshine helps the body make Vitamin D, which has many benefits including:
- Keeps bones, teeth strong
- Supports a healthy immune system
- Boosts the “feel-good” chemical serotonin
- Promotes quality sleep
- Prevents “brain fog”
Sunlight is by far the greatest source of Vitamin D. You can benefit with as little as 5 to 10 minutes of exposure daily.
The sun is also the main source of ultraviolet radiation. You may also be exposed to UV radiation from a man-made source: tanning beds.
When you do not wear adequate sun protection, UV radiation can penetrate the superficial and deeper layers of the skin. Signs of damage show up on your skin as a tan, or as sunburn, blotchiness, freckles, and spots.
Sometimes the body can’t repair itself. Damaged skin cells may grow abnormally. This abnormal growth of cells or cancer comes in many different forms. Generally, cancers of all types are diagnosed in much the same way.
Diagnosis starts with keeping professional skin checks as prescribed by Dr. Arta Farshidi. It is also important to perform self-checks. Red flags include moles or spots that appear to have:
- Asymmetrical features
- Borders that are uneven
- Colors of many shades of red, brown, black, white, or blue
- Diameters greater than a pencil eraser
- Evolved with in size, shape, color, or the way they feel
Samples of suspicious-looking areas will be removed and sent to a lab for testing. Biopsies determine both the presence and type of cancer. Additional tests determine the stage of cancer. This information guides an effective treatment plan.
Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of cancer. BCCs reside in the basal cells found in the deepest part of the epidermis, the outermost layer of skin. BCCs resemble red or pink patches and shiny bumps. Rarely, BCCs spread to other parts of the body. Since tumors can be disfiguring, treatment must be swift. Smaller or superficial growths may be scraped off, cut out, or removed with lasers from areas treated with a light-sensitizing agent. Patients who can’t tolerate surgery may benefit from radiation, and some topical or oral medications may be prescribed for very specific BCCs.
Mohs Micrographic Surgery is considered the gold standard in the treatment of large, recurring, or otherwise complex cancers. The Mohs-trained surgeon that partners with Arta Dermatology precisely removes affected tissue, layer by layer, until no cancer cells are present when viewed under the microscope.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma affects the squamous cells of the epidermis, and often appears as scaly red patches or bloody, crusty sores. They can spread to underlying tissues and even distant organs, so prompt treatment is necessary.
Mohs boasts the highest cure rate for SCCs at 94 to 99 percent. Excising a primary tumor has a 92 percent cure rate (77 percent for recurrent tumors). Scraping, freezing, radiation, and laser techniques may be reserved for specific types of SCCs, such as non-invasive, small, or early-stage cancers.
Melanoma accounts for just 2 percent of skin cancer cases, but is responsible for the majority of skin cancer-related deaths. The standard approach to treating melanoma is excision. Surgeries have advanced, so less tissue may be removed without jeopardizing the effectiveness of treatment. Mohs is becoming a more common alternative to surgical excision in the treatment of melanoma.
These cancers are curable if detected and treated early. Skin cancer treatments are also getting better all the time. Don’t wait until you find a concerning spot to call (949) 531-7111 and schedule an appointment with Dr. Farshidi.
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