Wave goodbye to acne with treatment plans customized to type

It is estimated that 40 million to 50 million Americans have acne. While acne is often associated with teens, newborn babies can develop the condition, as well. Some men and women may have had clear skin their whole lives, until they reach middle-age and begin to suffer the occasional breakout. In fact, the American Academy of Dermatology reports cases of late- or adult-onset acne are on the rise.

Understanding acne

The white, black or red dots, bumps, and lumps characteristic of acne are actually hair follicles that have become clogged with oil and dead skin cells.

Hormonal changes are attributed to acne, particularly among teens and older women. The androgen hormones present in both men and women cause flare ups by overstimulating the glands that produce oil. These changes can also alter the skin cells lining individual hair follicles.

While the majority of acneic women have normal androgen levels, hormone therapy medications address those patients with higher-than-normal androgens. Tests can rule hormonal conditions, which may be accompanied by other symptoms including irregular periods.

Contrary to what you may have been told in your youth, acne is not caused by poor hygiene, eating fattening or greasy foods, or stress, though some lifestyle factors such as stress can make existing acne worse.

Treating acne

Acne is not just red “pimples.” Its many forms include:

  • Whiteheads
  • Blackheads
  • Tender papules
  • Painful lumps or nodules
  • Pus-filled lumps or cysts

Generally, the list above is written in order of the severity of acne. The condition is also graded from “1” (for mild acne) to “4” (for severe acne).

Treatment depends on both the type and severity of your acne. Furthermore, you may be contending with more than one type of acne.

Acne treatments that may achieve optimal results include:

  • Topical medications that may be applied to the skin
  • Systemic medications, including antibiotics to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation
  • Procedures such as laser- and light-based therapies, chemical peels, and extraction with drainage (as necessary)

Prevention is certainly the best medicine. Dr. Arta Farshidi and her team will work with you to get persistent acne under control with appropriate therapies. As a specialist in diagnosing and treating skin conditions, Dr. Farshidi can also suggest at-home care that will make a difference in acne outbreaks. For instance, she may recommend avoiding cleansing products, sunscreen and makeup that could be irritating to the skin.

If acne outbreaks are a thing of the past but scars continue to haunt you, Dr. Farshidi also has an answer for that, which may include dermal fillers to smooth out surface irregularities.

To schedule a consultation with Dr. Farshidi call (949) 531-7111.

 

Back to Dermatology Page